U.S. Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons Letter From Secretary Tillerson Country Narrative: Vietnam (Tier 2) Letter From Secretary Tillerson Dear Reader: Human trafficking is one of the most tragic human rights issues of our time. As regards South/South-East Asia, geographical priorities include Vietnam, the Silk route region 20 (in particular India) and South-East Asian countries (in particular Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and the Philippines). Vietnam also is a destination for children who are trafficked for the sex industry. �u"ahl�2�cZ������r~�o`��U�rxD0���,�W��(���38��k�QS0F1�j(����� >Y��&��\*+�����C�����S��R��� a�z��hΟz�Ō�� ��*#����z��&�����j�Ʀ����&��%}��1t&O�i�i.eM˓h����纐 4m&h�w��� ���w�#�U�I��X9��?qYsQ�Q�I�+�����]�C/x��1ݎ�A7�;acك�(���`:!��Y7yC:�9�. h�bbd```b``N����d�d ��A$�iy;H2�������m�L� �3|�� � �i + It is not intended to be an exhaustive survey of a particular subject or theme. “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” A Source Country: Vietnam is a predominant source country of human trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants. Vietnam has also announced a 2016 to 2020 strategy to combat human trafficking, and the plan marked the first time authorities have acknowledged that men and boys are being trafficked. The procuracies (prosecutor’s office) reported initiating the prosecution of 194 defendants for … – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, 10 Facts About Human Trafficking in Vietnam, The Benefits of Strong Economic Growth in Bangladesh, 10 Facts About Girls’ Education in Palestine, The Vietnamese Center for Women and Development. To break the cycle of human trafficking from Vietnam we must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave. Photo by AFP/Manan Vatsyayana. Many of them are from rural communities or poor areas, who either work in agriculture, are uneducated or unemployed, he said. Sex trafficking in Vietnam is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and slavery that occurs in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. Human trafficking - key features and global trends Human trafficking is a complex crime that involves exploiting people for economic gain through particular actions and means used as a way to secure control over them. h��W[o�:�+z� The problem is more serious in provinces close to the border. trafficking from Vietnam. Human trafficking in Vietnam is now recognised as an established practice. The government in 2014 launched a database of trafficking cases, which the US State Department acknowledged in its 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report as a sign of “modest progress”. Price of Human Trafficking Victims in Cambodia. Vietnam's Public Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking rings. i � 0j00�1�3gX|˴ח!��4��>o��&&��(6�-@Z���;؍7� "� Ii�� It is also this population that has the most vulnerable and desperate individuals that become the victims of human trafficking. And so, the war against human trafficking continues. Predominantly a source … �Jo�rV6���립�M�>;������]��%�ϐ��_����G� wꓡ ��>k?ԛ��/�H˼ݿ��m޴���lS}�^Š�]��aֲ�3�؟�tOe�"/2`,fc����vQ�C0'2 D�1�9�Xb4s��q����q����`�d����)�t����+�#N�d��N�d��N��F���+�{ �.�� j�'�n The container had been shipped from the Belgian port of Zeebrugge to Essex, England. The poverty rate decreased from over 70 percent of the population to below 6 percent in just over 30 years after economic reforms in 1986. Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. The main countries they’re sold to are Cambodia, China, and Malaysia. Precarious Journeys: Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe – read the summary report in PDF format: Read the full report: (2.7MB) Precarious Journeys – full report. In most cases of human trafficking uncovered since 2016, the victims were sold to China, according the Ministry of Public Security. One study suggests 5.6 percent of children in Vietnam may experience coercion or exploitation indicative of trafficking or in the context of migration, with children from rural and deprived communities particularly at risk. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of the victims coming from remote ethnic communities. Page 2 of 42 Preface Purpose This note provides country of origin information (COI) and analysis of COI for use by Home Office decision makers handling particular types of protection and human rights claims (as set out in the Introduction section). �ͲX7`��z��Ԁk�w������:�{���"Z"EZ��Q�� ˆ�L��WD[�5����`Hl#bZ~΂dъ3¥P(qµ1( �(I���������D��,F�c�F �,&B�&�D��4� K����ͮH��j���"#m�5;?���+����҂������o�\�i��uJ�����#5�1k�Y��4�����7�-Q���t�6˷�-1"��,�� ��H� DLU�^\T��Yi?_�Z8?�>������j�n’�1�l�"_��-|��t��[�fz�އ0�J����3Db�50�:ߵUM��B���'��x��ZG�ű%Qd����7j��=�^�G��gD� 0 According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in 2017, 308 in 2016). UK trafficking statistics. Vietnam has recorded over 3,400 victims of human trafficking since 2013, over 90 percent of them women, children and people from ethnic minority communities, said Nguyen Xuan Lap, head of the Department of Social Issues Prevention, at the conference. Poland is considered to be a country of origin for victims – trafficked mostly to other EU MS), a transit country and a destination cou… Learn more about slavery . According to the report, over a period of one and a half years, researchers investigated the issue of human trafficking from Vietnam to the UK and throughout Europe, specifically Poland, the Czech Republic, France and the Netherlands. National Trafficking Trends. The Vietnamese government estimates 90% of Vietnamese trafficking The Vietnamese government estimates 90% of Vietnamese trafficking victims are trafficked into China, and 80% are sexually exploited. . The Grays tragedy has shone a new spotlight on the problem of human smuggling from Vietnam to Europe. The procuracies reported initiating the prosecution of 245 defendants for trafficking offenses (295 in … Thanh knows that many other Vietnamese migrants who embark on the 6,000-mile journey across Asia into Western Europe are not so lucky. While the term "human trafficking" covers a wide range of crimes, our work is in two specific areas: the trafficking of children into exploitative labour and the trafficking of Vietnamese women and girls into sexual exploitation and forced marriages in China. Police in Vietnam broke up a human trafficking ring where women were being sold as brides to men in China.… Continue Reading → Posted in: Transnational Crime Filed under: China Security Threats, Human Trafficking Statistics, Vietnam Security Threats. Here's are some of the facts about undocumented migrants who leave Vietnam for Europe. Vietnam is both a source and a destination for human trafficking of men, women, and children. %PDF-1.7 %���� Vietnam: Victims of trafficking Version 4.0 April 2020 . �- Foundation fights human trafficking. This year the number showed no sign of falling. Anti-Slavery International says that of the potential trafficking victims who were forced to cultivate cannabis, 96% were from Vietnam and 81% of those were children. Providing assistance and protection to victims of human trafficking as well as raising public awareness are all essential measures. It is still a challenge for the government to tackle poverty for the ethnic minorities living in remote mountainous areas or areas prone to natural disasters where poverty most concentrates. Nearly half (43%) of all potential victims of trafficking - 4,550 victims - were children aged 18 … %%EOF 1 All statistics taken from UK Home Office, Asylum applications, decisions and resettlement, Last updated 27 February 2020 2 ECPAT UK/Anti-Slavery/ Pacific Links Foundation, Precarious Journeys: Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe, 7 March 2019, United Kingdom, The current profile, p. 111 These 10 facts about human trafficking in Vietnam illustrate the possible source of the problem, as well as the attempts and efforts to fight against it. Despite this positive outlook of the economy and the remarkable progress, not everyone is able to enjoy this new-found wealth. The THB Strategy is complemented by other policy documents 26. There were reports of children as young … 3123 0 obj <>stream Subscribe to our emails to hear latest news about modern slavery, our work against it around the world, and different ways you can take action. Vietnam is only one of the ASEAN states which has to face the reality of human trafficking. UN-ACT Viet Nam Green One UN House, 4th Floor 304 Kim Ma Street Hanoi, Viet Nam. Sex trafficking victims in the country are from all ethnic groups in Vietnam and foreigners. Vietnam is one of the top source countries for women trafficking in Asia. endstream endobj 3092 0 obj <>/Metadata 120 0 R/Pages 3089 0 R/StructTreeRoot 142 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 3102 0 R>> endobj 3093 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 841.92]/Parent 3089 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 3094 0 obj <>stream June 6, 2014 havocscope. From one of the poorest nations in the world with most of the population living below the poverty line, the nation has developed into a middle-income country. Vietnam, one of the four remaining communist countries in the world, is making remarkable progress in reducing hunger and poverty. While today, eyes are on Vietnam following the recent tragedy, the truth is that each ASEAN country has its own horror story to share. Human trafficking is a complex phenomenon which can be addressed from different angles. It splinters families, distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity. 3101 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<66BA9B795FEF2C4880FE19D78D418EC0>]/Index[3091 33]/Info 3090 0 R/Length 71/Prev 472254/Root 3092 0 R/Size 3124/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Women and children are trafficked to the People’s Republic of China, Cambodia, Thailand, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Macau for sexual exploitation. Related articles: The 'VIP packages' enticing Vietnamese to UK Human Development Index (HDI): 0.617 (2012) HDI Rank: 127 (2012) Neighbouring Countries: Cambodia, China and Lao PDR. Human trafficking networks are smuggling approximately 18,000 Vietnamese people to Europe every year, according to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. These people are often initially the victims of poverty, vulnerable and desperate. More than 50 per cent of the calls are about child trafficking. Last year, the number tripled. h�b```�Ff6gA�� !�$A ���q�H��Op��} uF(��KF���͂V_��F��CE>L��,#�%�ű���Ib���������ϵX7�?�Y�| 8E�!�����gw���v;w��ܽ�%�6-���BGa�&����` Most cases took place in the nine provinces that share borders with Cambodia. Contact Details: Ms. Ha Thi Van Khanh National Project Coordinator ha.thi.van.khanh@undp.org Direct line: + 84 4 3850 0153. More than 50 per cent of the calls are about child trafficking. 3091 0 obj <> endobj ���fn�h`�h�`hP� ҂QDI0�H���`l`�h`��8�:4�L���BX�. When good opportunities are available in local communities, there would be less demand to migrate elsewhere, thus decreasing the chance of falling victim to human trafficking. The crime often has an international dimension, while organised criminal groups derive substantial financial benefits from it. But it has not said how many people it is able to rescue each year. Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Vietnamese women are trafficked to the P.R.C., Taiwan, and the Republic of Korea via fraudulent or misrepresented marriages for commercial exploitation or forced labor. endstream endobj startxref These 10 facts about human trafficking in Vietnam provide an overview of the problem and how Vietnam is handling it. The latest figures by the National Referral Mechanism, which identifies and protects victims, revealed that more than 3,100 Vietnamese adults and children were … According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in … Official statistics from Vietnam’s Department of General Police show that between 2011 and 2017, there were 2,700 reported cases of human trafficking. Source: Viet Nam News, October 22, 2007 The weakest ones, the children, are in a particularly difficult position. It affects women and men, irrespective of their age, to the same extent. The number of trafficking cases identified has increased recently, with 4,224 cases and 9,142 victims identified in the last decade. More than 1,000 cases were detected by June this year involving 2,600 victims. Of the 639 human trafficking cases in Vietnam since 2006, 1,287 human traffickers had sold 2,137 women and children overseas, according the Ministry of Public Security. ����Nx 10,627 potential victims of human trafficking were identified in 2018 - a 52% increase from 2018. a�38pt����a�� �������{]�v��`��V�amλ`�ca2z���أ���­��?�`ӷ�~B��3�9L���x�_�� The Vietnamese police investigated more than 1,000 cases of human trafficking between 2012 to 2017, and arrested more than 2,000 people for their involvement in this illegal trade. The victims inside ranged in age from 15 to 44, and each appeared to have a bag with clothes, a mobile phone and other b… Many Vietnamese people’s desire for a better quality of life has driven them to the hands of human traffickers, subjecting them to physical and sexual exploitation abroad. Back in October, 39 Vietnamese migrantswere found dead in the refrigerated container of a tractor-trailer at an industrial park about 20 miles east of London. Human Trafficking in Vietnam Blue Dragon Children’s Foundation has been addressing human trafficking since 2005. Trafficking in human beings, also referred to as modern slavery, is a serious crime and violation of human rights and dignity. Statistics from the Police General’s Department show that from 2011 until now, the country reported nearly 3,000 cases of human trafficking involving nearly 6,000 victims. Home Office, National Referral Mechanism Statistics: UK, End of Year Summary, 2019. A sustainable solution to combatting human trafficking is to get to the root of the problem: poverty. 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